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Techniniai indikatoriai prekybai FOREX rinkoje: MACD

RealTrade | 2007-03-07 | Techninė analizė | perskaitė: 10622
Techniniai indikatoriai prekybai FOREX rinkoje: MACD Pradedame straipsnių ciklą, skirtą populiariems indikatoriams. Visi aptariami indikatoriai yra specialiai sukurti prekybinei platformai Meta Trader 4 nuo Met

Pradedame straipsnių ciklą, skirtą populiariems indikatoriams. Visi aptariami indikatoriai yra specialiai sukurti prekybinei platformai Meta Trader 4 nuo MetaQuotes. Jūs galite pasinaudoti tokia pačia platforma, suteikiama Real Trade kompanijos, ir, užregistravę ten demo sąskaitą, iš karto išbandyti indikatorių veikimą.

Šiandien aptarsime:

Slankiojo vidurkio konvergenciją ir divergenciją (Moving Average Convergence/Divergence, MACD)

Techninis slankiųjų vidurkių kirtimosi indikatorius (Moving Average Convergence/Divergence, sutrumpintai MACD) — tai dinamiškas indikatorius, parodantis dviejų slankiųjų vidutinių kainų sąryšį. MACD vaizduojamas kaip skirtumas tarp dviejų eksponentinių slankiųjų vidurkių (EMA) su 12 ir 26 dienų periodais. Tam, kad galima būtų aiškiai pavaizduoti palankius pirkimo arba pardavimo momentus MACD histogramoje (HISTOGRAM) brėžiama signalinė linija (SIGNAL) – 9 dienų periodo slankusis vidurkis:



MACD efektyviausias, kai rinkos svyravimo amplitudė „prekybos koridoriuje“ yra didėlė. Dažniausiai naudojami MACD signalai — susikirtimai, perpirkimo/perpardavimo būsenos ir išsišakojimai.
Perpirkimas/perpardavimas: kai signalinė linija yra virš histogramos (t.y. MACD auga), tai reiškia, kad tiriamojo instrumento kaina greičiausiai per daug pakelta ir greitai sugrįš prie realesnio lygmens.

Pagrindinė prekiavimo su MACD taisyklė paremta indikatoriaus (HISTOGRAM) persikirtimu su signaline linija (SIGNAL): kai Moving Average Convergence/Divergence nusileidžia žemiau signalinės linijos – reikia parduoti, o kai kyla aukščiau jos – pirkti.
MACD nulinės linijos perkirtimai aukštyn/žemyn taip pat naudojami kaip pirkimo/pardavimo signalas.

Pažymėsiu, kad prekiauti su MACD reikėtų ne žemesniuose nei М30 – Н1 laikotarpiuose. Trumpiesiems periodams, tokiems kaip М1, М5, М15 – МАСD netinka.

Galima išskirti šiuos MACD signalus:
• reikšmės, sekančios signalinės linijos (SIGNAL) maksimumą arba minimumą – signalas sandorio sudarymui;
• jeigu MACD histograma (HISTOGRAM) yra žemiau nulio, trendas yra krintantis, jei aukščiau – kylantis.
• signalinės linijos konvergencija/divergencija – stipriausias trendo silpnumo požymis: geriau sulaukti aiškesnio signalo.
• jeigu MACD yra žemiau nulio ir konvergencijos nėra, o MACD histograma (HISTOGRAM) perkerta signalinę liniją (SIGNAL) iš apačios į viršų, galima tikėtis kainų atoslūgio į viršų.
• jeigu MACD yra aukščiau nulio ir divergencijos nėra, o MACD histograma (HISTOGRAM) perkerta signalinę liniją (SIGNAL) iš viršaus į apačią, galima tikėtis kainų atoslūgio į apačią.

Divergencija (pav. žemiau) atsiranda, kai naujas kainos pikas nėra patvirtintas naujo indikatoriaus piko, t. y. kainos pikas aukštesnis už prieš tai buvusį, o atitinkamas indikatoriaus pikas žemesnis už prieš tai buvusį. Tai byloja apie trendo silpnumą.



Konvergencija (pav. žemiau) atsiranda, kai naujas kainos dugnas (angl. market bottom) nėra patvirtintas naujo indikatoriaus dugno, t. y. sekantis kainos dugnas yra žemesnis už prieš tai buvusį, o sekantis indikatoriaus dugnas - aukštesnis už prieš tai buvusį. Tai taip pat byloja apie trendo silpnumą.



Techninis indikatorius MACD įeina į programą Meta Trader 4 / Real Trader 4, o atskirai jį galima parsisiųsti iš čia.
Pagal MACD yra sukurta daugybė indikatorių. Pateiksime kelių populiariausių perdarymų pavyzdžius:

3ColorMACD (autorius: MetaQuotes)

Standartinis indikatorius, kur kylančios/krintančios juostos (angl. bar) yra paryškintos skirtingomis spalvomis.



Parsisiųsti.

ZeroLag MACD (autorius: Collector)

Patarčiau atkreipti dėmesį į ZeroLag MACD, kuris yra MACD indikatorius su nuliniu vėlavimu. Palyginus su standartiniu MACD, jis pateikia signalus keliomis juostomis (angl. bar) ankščiau, o konvergencija/divergencija labiau išreikštos. Aš asmeniškai teikiu pirmenybė ZeroLag MACD indikatoriui.



Parsisiųsti.


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2014-03-26 | Techninė analizė 2010-07-01 | Techninė analizė 2009-06-05 | Techninė analizė 2008-02-18 | Techninė analizė

Komentarai



2007 03 07 20:23     #963
Geras straipsnis, tik kas nors paaiskinkit, kodel butent imama 12, 26 ir 9?
2007 03 07 20:42     #964
T.p. reiktu sio indikatoriaus parodymus miksuoti su kitais. Vien tik juo pasitiketi nevertetu.
2007 03 07 21:51     #965
Ka reiskia M30-H1 ir M1,M5,M15? Pažymėsiu, kad prekiauti su MACD reikėtų ne žemesniuose nei М30 – Н1 laikotarpiuose. Trumpiesiems periodams, tokiems kaip М1, М5, М15 – МАСD netinka.
2007 03 08 00:14     #966
M1-M30 : 1 minutes ... 30 minuciu grafikai H1 - valandinis grafikas ir t.t.
2007 03 08 07:32     #967
Na dėl >M30 nesutiksiu. Man tinka ir M1 ir S30. O už straipsnį ačiū.
2007 03 08 10:54     #968
2 Centras, Tai jau tradiciškai nusistovėjo, kad pasirenkami tokie intervalai, Jūs patys indikatoriaus nustatymuose galite pasirinkti bet kokius intervalus, tai tik reikš, kad MACD ims daugiau/mažiau juostų savo apskaičiavimams. 2 kafka, Būtinai. Mano manymu, geras miksas būtų OsMA + RSI + Stochastikas. Plačiau parašysiu kituose straipsniuose. 2 Ashaman, Jeigu Jūs patys adaptuosite MACD indikatorių dirbti su minutėmis - sutinku, žinoma, galima. Bet su standartiniais nustatymais - tik H1 ir daugiau.
2007 03 08 20:03     #969
Aciu uz straipsneli!
2007 03 12 10:49     #972
Realtrade: Būtinai. Mano manymu, geras miksas būtų OsMA + RSI + Stochastikas. Plačiau parašysiu kituose straipsniuose. Ką turite omeny, sakydami geras miksas?
2007 03 12 11:31     #973
Oandoj naudoju Slow Stochastic (14, 3), MACD (12, 26, 9) ir RSI (14) ant 30 min - 1 d grafikų. Tiunint nebandziau, ir taip gerai veikia. Sekmingu/nuostolingu treidu santykis 1:9
2007 03 12 11:59     #974
1 sekmingas 9 nuostolingi? tai gal reiktu "patiuninti" ?
2007 03 12 16:29     #975
sorry, viskas atvirksciai - 1 pagavo SL , jau 10 uzdaryti su profit. Taigi 10:1.
2007 03 12 19:13     #976
Taksiste, nera cia ko girtis. Tas santykis dar nieko nepasako. Gal 10 profitu po 3 pipsus, ir vienas stop loss su 500 pips ir margin call ir blablabla.
2007 03 12 21:27     #977
labai girtis nera kuo, bet +15 proc. per 2 men.
2007 03 13 07:46     #978
[quote]ariel: Ką turite omeny, sakydami geras miksas? Taksistas Oandoj naudoju Slow Stochastic (14, 3), MACD (12, 26, 9) ir RSI (14) ant 30 min - 1 d grafikų.[/quote] Matote, ponas Taksistas naudoja tą patį miksą, kurį paminėjau. Vieno indikatoriaus dažniausiai nepakanka, nes reikia nustatyti keletą dalykų: trendą, apimtį, t.t. O skirtingi indikatoriai - skirtingams dalykams.
2007 03 13 07:47     #979
Geriau patikslinsiu: "beveik tą patį".
2007 07 17 09:30     #1764
Gutt straipsnelis. Ačiu.
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